Question: Who Eliminated Diseases?

WHO eradication vs elimination?

B.

Eradication refers to the reduction to zero (or a very low defined target rate) of new cases in a defined geographical area.

C.

Elimination refers to the complete and permanent worldwide reduction to zero new cases of the disease through deliberate efforts..

What are the 7 killer diseases?

Childhood mortality: six killer diseases and how to stop themPneumonia. Pneumonia, usually caused by a bacterial infection, is a disease in which the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid. … Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is caused by an infection in the intestinal track. … Malaria. … Meningitis. … HIV. … Measles.

What are the 8 killer diseases?

This exposes our children to great risk of illness, disability and death due to eight childhood immunisable diseases (i.e. Polio, Measles, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b and Whooping Cough).

What are the five killer diseases?

This paper highlights five killer diseases-diarrhoea, measles, whooping cough, tetanus and fever. Diar- rhoea is the single leading cause of death among children in the Third World (191. It is responsible for more than one-third of the 15 million child deaths estimated for 1987.

Which disease Cannot be eradicated?

Non-infectious diseases, such as heart disease or cancer, cannot be eradicated. Without an effective treatment against a disease there is no possibility of eradicating it.

How did we eradicate smallpox?

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared smallpox eradicated in 1980. “It was eradicated solely through vaccination. We do not really have any treatments even today for smallpox that are proven, tried and tested,” Glatt said.

What does elimination mean?

: the act, process, or an instance of eliminating or discharging: such as. a : the act of discharging or excreting waste products from the body.

Does smallpox still exist?

Currently, there is no evidence of naturally occurring smallpox transmission anywhere in the world. Although a worldwide immunization program eradicated smallpox disease decades ago, small quantities of smallpox virus officially still exist in two research laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia, and in Russia.

Who eradicated polio?

On Thursday, World Polio Day, the World Health Organization announced that type 3 poliovirus has been eradicated worldwide. For polio to be fully eradicated, all three wild polio strains — types 1, 2, and 3 — need to stop circulating.

What disease was eliminated in 1979?

On December 9, 1979, a commission of scientists declare that smallpox has been eradicated. The disease, which carries around a 30 percent chance of death for those who contract it, is the only infectious disease afflicting humans that has officially been eradicated.

What does it mean when a disease is eliminated?

Elimination of disease: Reduction to zero of the incidence of a specified disease in a defined geographical area as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required.

What are six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What is the number 1 killer in the world?

Heart disease—most commonly caused by coronary artery and valvular diseases—is the #1 killer in the United States. It accounted for almost one-fourth of all registered deaths.

What are the top 5 killer diseases?

Summary. In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S. were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.

Who cured smallpox?

Edward Jenner (Figure ​1) is well known around the world for his innovative contribution to immunization and the ultimate eradication of smallpox (2).

What diseases are eliminated?

Eradicated diseasesSmallpox.Rinderpest.Poliomyelitis (polio)Dracunculiasis.Yaws.Malaria.Hookworm.Lymphatic filariasis.More items…

What is the deadliest disease in human history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.